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MEGILLAH

As referenced in the joint community statement (read here), all BDJ Members who are able to hear the nighttime and daytime megillah readings in person, should do so. Members- please see email sent to you via shulcloud to register.

For those who need to remain at home due to COVID precautions, see below for our Live Stream/Zoom options.

Livestream Video

Livestream: www.bnaidavid.com/megilla and via Zoom by inputting: Meeting ID: 884 5885 5584 // Passcode: 590905

Shirat Chana Zoom Link: http://bit.ly/Megillah5781

 

MISHLOACH MANOT

  • Mishloach ManotClick here to place your order! Registration is closed.
  • Matanot L'evyonim: Donations must be received by February 24th. Click here to donate.  Deadline passed.
  • Halacha How Tos: View relevant info on Purim Halachot below.

Please Note: BDJ Mishloach Manot are very meaningful and convey the spiritual value of warmth that we as a shul family hold dear. But they do not officially fulfill the mitzvah of Mishloach Manot. It is essential that in addition to the BDJ Mishloach Manot that you send, that you also deliver at least one Mishloach Manot gift to another Jew on Purim day. This package should contain at least two types of food that are ready to be eaten. The reason for this is because Mishloach Manot must be sent איש אל רעהו, 'one person to another'-- meaning not through an organization or in partnership with others. Thank you for bringing joy to our BDJ friends both through our communal shul Mishloach Manot and through the mitzvah of Mishloach Manot!

PURIM 2021

Purim Shpiel Broadcasting “Live”

Thursday, February 25th at 9 PM!

BDJ’s witty and creative writing team has been hard at work! Shpiel to broadcast

LIVE at 9 PM Purim night! More details to come!


Walk-by” Tikkun Olam Purim Seudah

Friday, February 26th

  • In the spirit of BDJ's annual Tikkun Olam Purim Seudah, friends in need will be walking by the shul’s front doors between 10 and 11AM to receive a delicious Purim bag lunch (provided by Bibi's), to have a chance to wave to their old BDJ friends in their Purim costumes, and to enjoy a little Purim music! Please stop by and be part of the joy! Masks and social distancing protocols will be in place.
  • Color and personalize a card that will be inserted into the to-go lunch bags! Download the template here and drop it into the BDJ mail slot by 2/23!


SOVA Food Drive

Friday, February 12th - Tuesday, March 23rd

This Purim at our Megillah readings, we will be supporting Sova’s crucially important poverty-relief work. When you come to the Megillah reading, please donate any non-perishable foods, or toiletries. A special request has been made for canned protein such as tuna or chicken and food for Pesach (not matzah) such as matzah ball mix, grape juice and gefilte fish. Please give generously for our neighbors in need.

On Rosh Chodesh Adar (Feb. 12), a collection bin will be placed in the shul lobby for non-perishable food donations as well, so you may drop off items directly at BDJ.


Rechov Yeladim Purim Activity Bag! 

The deadline to register is Monday, February 8th.

Please register here for a Purim Activity Bag (for ages 2-12) which includes an activity packet full of art projects, songs, recipes, games, and more fun!


Purim Players

Brought to you by the Balter Family!

Thursday, February 25th at 6:10 PM

Watch our Purim Players via our live Zoom megillah reading: www.bnaidavid.com/megilla

(and via Zoom by inputting: Meeting ID: 884 5885 5584/ Passcode: 590905)

* We will also upload the Purim Players Shtick to our youtube page, so you and your family can watch anytime!


Zoom YP Purim Brunch Seudah

Friday, February 26th

More information coming soon:

Register in advance to order food from a local restaurant with us!

PURIM HALACHA HOW-TOS

See below for information on Halakhic Guidelines regarding the Megillah Reading, Matanot L'evyonim, Mishloach Manot and the Purim Seudah. For any questions, please contact the clergy directly.

PURIM 5781 (2021) HALAKHIC GUIDELINES // COVID-19 CONSIDERATIONS

With Purim just a few weeks away and the realization that Covid-19 has created unique circumstances, it is the purpose of this document to outline the special features that pertain uniquely to this year’s Purim holiday. We present this Halakhic guidance, which has been reviewed and approved by Rabbi Hershel Schachter, Rosh Kollel of Yeshiva University, and a world respected Posek, as our united community policy.

Kriyat Parashat Zachor: The practice to hear Parashat Zachor (which are the last three Pesukim in Parashat Ki Teitzei in Chumash Devarim) traditionally takes place on the Shabbat preceding Purim. If you are able to attend a Minyan and hear the Torah reading at that time you should do so. If you are not able to attend a Minyan due to Covid-19 considerations:

a)   If you have access to a Sefer Torah you should read Zachor from the Torah, but without Brakhot. 

b)  If you don’t have access to a Sefer Torah, you should read Zachor from a Chumash. In this case, during the coming summer, when Parashat Ki -Teitzei is read (Shabbat August 21st), you should have in mind that you are fulfilling the mitzvah of Zachor with that Torah reading.

Megillah on Purim Night and Day:

If you are able to hear the Megillah in person with a Minyan on both Purim night and day, you should absolutely do so. If due to Covid-19 concerns you are not able to leave your home to attend a Minyan, and you are not able to read the Megillah on your own from a Kosher Megillah, then you should follow the Megillah via the Zoom transmission that will be arranged by your community Shul. In such a circumstance it is preferable to follow the reading with a Kosher Megillah and to recite the Megillah along with the Ba’al Kriah word for word.  If this is not possible then you can simply listen to the reading via Zoom.

A general note: If one is reading the Megillah without a Minyan, the concluding blessing of “Harav Et Reveynu” should not be said.

We would like to emphasize that under normal circumstances, hearing the Megillah via Zoom is not ideal and our Psak is only for this year due to the extenuating considerations that Covid-19 has created.

Purim Seudah, Mishloach Manot and Matanot L’Evyonim:

This year Purim falls out on Thursday night and Friday creating a challenge of when to have the Purim Seudah (as one cannot fulfil the Mitzvah on Thursday night). One should have a Purim Seudah either for breakfast or lunch on Friday. The meal should be a festive one, similar to a regular year, preferably featuring meat and wine.

The Mitzvot of Mishloach Manot and Matanot L’Evyonim can only be fulfilled on Purim day. We would like to remind you that social distancing rules still apply, and we therefore urge you to avoid social gatherings or close proximity to those outside your immediate family when delivering Mishloach Manot or having your Purim Seudah.

Mishloach Manot only requires that you send two food items to one person. This year, because many people are concerned about receiving food from outside their home, it is worth considering reducing the amount of Misholach Manot one distributes. Additionally, consider supporting your shul Mishloach Manot programs.

Matanot L’evyonim requires that we give money to at least two people so they can celebrate Purim. By appointing your rabbi to distribute the money on Purim you can accomplish this Mitzvah.  You can give the money to your rabbi for Matanot L’evyonim even before Purim.

 

Wishing everyone a safe and wonderful Purim Sameach,

Rabbi Pini Dunner

Rabbi Yosef Kanefsky

Rabbi Elazar Muskin

Rabbi Kalman Topp

Rabbi Jason Weiner

AN IMPORTANT NOTE FROM RAV YOSEF REGARDING MEGILLAH

 As you will notice on the Purim night schedule, one of the three scheduled readings will be done by our dear friend Sara Smith. A word of halachik background is appropriate.

The Shulchan Aruch rules that men may fulfill their obligation through a women’s reading of the Megillah. This is based upon the Talmud (Megillah 19b and Arachin 2a-b) which rules that women and men are equally obligated in the reading of the Megillah, and that women may therefore discharge the obligation of men in this regard. Among the Rishonim (medieval authorities), this is the halachik position endorsed by Rashi, Rambam, Meiri, and Or Zarua. Rabbi Ovadia Yosef endorses this position as well.

The Shulchan Aruch also cites an alternative opinion which holds that a man cannot fulfill his obligation through a woman’s reading. This opinion is based on a Tosefta which doesn’t explain the basis of its ruling. Some understand the Tosefta as being uncomfortable with the propriety of such an arrangement, and others posit that the Tosefta is assuming that while a man is obligated to read the Megillah, woman are only obligated to hear it being read.

This disparity in obligation would preclude a woman being able to read Megillah for a man. Tosafot, Mordechai and others rule in accordance with the Tosefta. And while this difference of opinion persists, leading to a general practice that men are the readers when there are men among the listeners, there is a substantial group of Achronim (later authorities) who rule that the Tosefta’ s position only pertains to the daytime reading of the Megillah, through which the essential Mitzvah of Megillah is fulfilled. The nighttime reading, according to these Achronim, is done in order to achieve “pirsumai nissa” (publicly declaring the miracle), which is an obligation that falls equally upon men and women (as is does, for example, regarding Chanukah lighting). These Achronim therefore rule that even according to the second opinion cited in the Shulchan Aruch, men may fulfill their obligation at night through a woman’s reading.

Needless to say, there are those who disagree with the position of these Achronim as well, and men should make their own decision as to which of the readings they would like to attend. To be clear though, I feel very comfortable offering Sara’s reading as a valid halachik option. 

WHEN PURIM FALLS ON A FRIDAY

 (1) Megillah: We're each (men and women) obliged to hear Megillah twice, once at night and once during the day. Of the two readings, the daytime reading is the "ikkar chiyyuv", the primary obligation, which on a weekday Purim can also be the more challenging one. We will have three readings on Purim morning, including the Shirat Chana for women only.

(2) Purim Seudah: The Purim Seuda can be eaten at any time during Purim day. The general practice in most years is to have the seuda in the afternoon, in order to be able to devote the morning to the other mitzvot of the day. 

When Purim falls on Friday however, there is concern that a large, afternoon Purim Seuda would reduce the Friday night Shabbat meal to an afterthought. This impingement on כבוד שבת- the honor of Shabbat – arouses much discussion about the ideal time for eating the Purim seudah in a year like this.

In the Shulchan Aruch, Rabbi Moshe Isserlis (Rama) encourages us to have our Purim Seuda in the morning, concluding before solar noon (which this year, is at 12:05 PM).  However, it is clear in the ensuing halachik discussion about this issue, that the obligation to eat the Purim Seuda does ultimately override the usual concerns about having a proper appetite for the Friday night meal. Which is to say, that if a morning Seuda is impractical, then you should have a Seuda in the afternoon. The strong preference would be to begin it before 3:25 (3 halachik hours before the beginning of Shabbat) in accordance with the weekly halachik concern about the honor of Shabbat. But if this too proves too daunting, then the Seuda can even begin after this hour (see Orach Chaim 249. Mishna Brura #13). 

A reminder as well, that although the Purim Seuda is customarily a large meal, the minimum requirement in order to fulfill the mitzvah, is simply that the meal include the consumption of bread (and customarily, wine.) 

(3) Delivering Mishloach Manot: When Purim falls on a weekday (as opposed to a Sunday) delivering Mishloach Manot can be much more difficult. And since Mishloach Manot is specifically a daytime Mitzvah, giving them at night (when it might be easier) is not an option. However, all it takes is ONE to fulfill the Mitzvah. So stay calm, and simply make sure that you personally deliver at least ONE on Friday itself. Whatever you may need to deliver at more convenient times, while not fulfilling the technical Mitzvah, are nonetheless welcome expressions of friendship of course. This applies to communal Mishloach Manot as well, which BDJ will be delivering anytime between the Friday before Purim until the end of Purim day in order to make it easier for our volunteer drivers.

(4) Matanot L’evyonim – Halacha calls for these monies to be distributed to the poor on Purim day itself. To facilitate this, we will again be sending the Matanot L’evyonim contributions you’ve made through the online form, to Yad Eliezer in Israel which will distribute these funds in Israel on Purim. 

MACHAZIT HASHEKEL

The Minhag of the Half Shekel

It is customary, prior to - or on-  Purim, to remember the Mitzvah of the half-shekel that was performed at this time of year when the Temple stood in Jerusalem. The half-shekel was the annual contribution for the purchase of the communal offerings. 

In a typical year, we put out half-dollars in Shul, which are used as part of the ritual. As a health precaution, we will not be doing so this year. But the custom can still be fulfilled through simply contributing  $1.50 (many have the custom to contribute that amount per family member)  on the designated plates that will be available at the megillah readings. If you are home for Megilah, you can put this sum aside for tzedakah (Feel free to dedicate it to your “Temple”, BDJ!)

Sat, March 6 2021 22 Adar 5781