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Mishloach Manot

Mishloach ManotClick here to place your order!  (You can also donate to Matanot L'evyonim at the same time)

Matanot L'evyonim: Donations must be received by Monday, March 18th.  Click here to donate.  

Halacha How Tos: View relevant info on Purim Halachot below.

Please Note: BDJ Mishloach Manot are very meaningful and convey the spiritual value of warmth that we as a shul family hold dear. But they do not officially fulfill the mitzvah of Mishloach Manot. It is essential that in addition to the BDJ Mishloach Manot that you send, that you also deliver at least one Mishloach Manot gift to another Jew on Purim day. This package should contain at least two types of food that are ready to be eaten. The reason for this is because Mishloach Manot must be sent איש אל רעהו, 'one person to another'-- meaning not through an organization or in partnership with others. Thank you for bringing joy to our BDJ friends both through our communal shul Mishloach Manot and through the mitzvah of Mishloach Manot!

Purim Halacha How Tos

See below for information on Megillah Reading, Matanot L'evyonim, Mishloach Manot and the Purim Seudah.  For any questions, please contact the clergy directly.

An Important Note from Rav Yosef regarding Megillah

As you will notice on the Purim night schedule, one of the three scheduled readings will be done by our dear friend Sara Smith. A word of halachik background is appropriate.

The Shulchan Aruch rules that men may fulfill their obligation through a women’s reading of the Megillah. This is based upon the Talmud (Megillah 19b and Arachin 2a-b) which rules that women and men are equally obligated in the reading of the Megillah, and that women may therefore discharge the obligation of men in this regard. Among the Rishonim (medieval authorities), this is the halachik position endorsed by Rashi, Rambam, Meiri, and Or Zarua. Rabbi Ovadia Yosef endorses this position as well.

The Shulchan Aruch also cites an alternative opinion which holds that a man cannot fulfill his obligation through a woman’s reading. This opinion is based on a Tosefta which doesn’t explain the basis of its ruling. Some understand the Tosefta as being uncomfortable with the propriety of such an arrangement, and others posit that the Tosefta is assuming that while a man is obligated to read the Megillah, woman are only obligated to hear it being read.

This disparity in obligation would preclude a woman being able to read Megillah for a man. Tosafot, Mordechai and others rule in accordance with the Tosefta. And while this difference of opinion persists, leading to a general practice that men are the readers when there are men among the listeners, there is a substantial group of Achronim (later authorities) who rule that the Tosefta’ s position only pertains to the daytime reading of the Megillah, through which the essential Mitzvah of Megillah is fulfilled. The nighttime reading, according to these Achronim, is done in order to achieve “pirsumai nissa” (publicly declaring the miracle), which is an obligation that falls equally upon men and women (as is does, for example, regarding Chanukah lighting). These Achronim therefore rule that even according to the second opinion cited in the Shulchan Aruch, men may fulfill their obligation at night through a woman’s reading.

Needless to say, there are those who disagree with the position of these Achronim as well, and men should make their own decision as to which of the readings they would like to attend. To be clear though, I feel very comfortable offering Sara’s reading as a valid halachik option.

Weekday Observance of Purim

 

We've been fortunate in recent years, as Purim has fallen frequently on Sunday. The middle-of-the-week Purim can certainly be more challenging in numerous ways. In anticipation of these challenges, a few things to keep in mind:

(1) Megillah: We're each (men and women) obliged to hear Megillah twice, once at night and once during the day. Of the two readings, the daytime reading is the "ikkar chiyyuv", the primary obligation, which on a weekday Purim can also be the more challenging one. We will have three readings on Purim morning, including the Shirat Chana for women only.

(2) Purim Seudah: The Purim Seudah does not need to be completed before sundown on Thursday (approximately 7:05), but it does need to be significantly underway by then. If you fear that you will get stuck late at work, be sure to have at least a small afternoon meal which includes bread (and meat, if you are a meat eater) at the office.

(3) Mincha/Maariv: Anticipating that many people will be starting their Seudah somewhere around 5:30, we have adjusted the Mincha and Ma'ariv times for Purim day. Mincha will be at 5:00, and Ma'ariv will be at 8:30.

(4) Delivering Mishloach Manot: When Purim falls on a weekday, delivering Mishloach Manot can be much more difficult. And since Mishloach Manot is specifically a daytime Mitzvah, giving them at night (when it might be easier) is not an option. However, all it takes is ONE to fulfill the Mitzvah. So stay calm, and simply make sure that you personally deliver at least ONE on Thursday itself. Whatever you may need to deliver at more convenient times, while not fulfilling the technical Mitzvah, are nonetheless welcome expressions of friendship of course. This applies to communal Mishloach Manot as well, which BDJ will be delivering anytime between the Sunday before Purim until the end of Purim day in order to make it easier for our volunteer drivers. (P.S. - Have you signed up to deliver yet?)

(5) Matanot L’Evyonim – Halacha calls for these monies to be distributed to the poor on Purim day itself. To facilitate this, we will again be sending the Matanot L’Evyonim contributions you’ve made through the online form, to Yad Eliezer in Israel which will distribute these funds in Israel on Purim.

Wed, May 22 2019 17 Iyyar 5779